Courses After 12th Science 2022: Details, Fees, Colleges, Scope & Eligibility

After appearing for 12th exams students gets confused while choosing an appropriate course that might open new avenues for them in the future. Mostly the students who pursue pcm subjects tend to look for engineering courses. And if you ask about career options from a student with biology will give a common answer, which is medical.


Courses after 12th Science


However gone are those days when engineering was an option for the PCMs and medical for the PCBs.


If we look at today’s world we will find a hub of opportunities for building a successful career. Let’s check out the best courses that might help you to taste the fruit of success in future.


If Not Engineering Then What?

Probably this is the only question which is hovering around your mind. Whenever we ask students about their career, we find that their answers are simply based on certain conventionalities. You may also check – courses after 12th arts & courses after 12th commerce.


It’s time to move away from conventionality and look for some really demanding courses. Students who have physics, chemistry and mathematics in 12th should definitely pay a close attention to the following courses.


1 Aviation

Aviation industry is turning out to be one of the most chosen career option for the students who have physics in their 12th. If you have pcm combination in your 12th then you can get a wonderful opportunity to become a commercial pilot and fly around the world.


Do you know how much salary commercial pilot gets? It’s about 1.5 lakhs and it is only for the fresher. With experience your salary gradually increases.



Students should have physics in their 12th. They have to give an entrance test along with a physical fitness test. One needs to ensure that whether they are physically fit or not because in case you are not able to appear in physical exam then you cannot become a commercial pilot.


For becoming an aspirant pilot you need to join a flying school after completing your 12th. A student can get admission in a flying school if he/she gets at least 50% marks in their 12th bard exams.


Fees: 20-25 Lakhs


Duration: 4 Years


Top five flying schools for commercial pilot training as been enlist below:

  • Carver Aviation: Pune , Maharashtra
  • Government Aviation Training Institute: Bhubhaneshwar, Odisha
  • The Bombay Flying Club: Mumbai, Maharashtra
  • Asia Pacific Flight Training Academy Ltd.: Hyderabad, Telangana


2 Deck Cadets in Indian Navy

A career in defence is always associated with proud and makes one feel as if they are also contributing a part in nation building. And this feeling is just amazing. If you want to become a proud Indian then join Indian Navy. Now you will ask the question that for becoming eligible in navy one need to appear for B.Tech.


But even a 12th pass student with good marks in pcm subjects can get an opportunity to become a deck cadet. When we talk about merchant navy one tends to get confused as a plethora of courses are available. However one needs to choose a course which suits their ability and skills.


Courses Offered –


B.S Nautical Technology

This course is only offered by Birla Institute of Technology and Science and also by two other institutes in India. In the initial three years of this course, students are taught different subjects. After completion of three years the trainees have to undergo a period of internship in boarding vessels.



A student has to get at least 50% marks in their 10+2 exams for becoming eligible for the course. You need to have physics as your subjects in the 12th board exam otherwise you cannot apply for it.


Duration: 3+1 year


Fees: 272,667 INR


Top institutes for this course are:

  • RL Institute Of Nautical Science: Madurai
  • Tolani Maritime Institute: Pune


HND in Nautical Science

HND refers to Higher National Diploma and it is generally conducted in collaboration between Indian and UK universities. Students who want to join this course have to do part of the course in an Indian university and the later part in an UK based university.



Deck cadets are liable to sail for about 15 months and after its completion they are eligible for 2nd mate preparatory course. A test will be conducted by the Maritime and Coastguard Agency and a trainee is able to become a deck cadet only by successfully appearing for this test.


Duration: 2 years


Fees: 1406,150 INR


Top Universities are:

  • International maritime Institute Noida ; its UK branch is at Glasgow college Nautical Studies, Scotland
  • AMET University, Chennai; UK branch at South Tyneside college, UK


3 Corporate world welcomes you!

Are you interested in management? If yes then you can choose management courses that might help you to look for some great job opportunities. In order to get admission in management courses like BBA or MBA you can belong from pcm or pcb stream. It has been found that there are golden opportunities for these who have tried their fortune in building a career in management fields as it is in huge demand in the recent years.


Management is of different types and these include operational management, human resource management or international business management. Now it depends on you to select your genre as per your interest and skills.


Courses offered –



Bachelor of Business Management is regarded as a popular course, chosen by several students. Students can get a scope to get a thorough knowledge about the management techniques. It is mainly categorised into different semesters and in each semester the students have to appear for an exam.


Students can avail this course both as a regular as well as distance. In this course the future managers are taught about communication skills and their interpersonal skill which strengthen their entrepreneurship skills.



In order to opt for BBA degree students do not need graduation degree instead a 12th pass candidate can apply for it. Candidates should have English as their subject in 10+2 otherwise they will not be eligible for it. If you wish to pursue this course then make sure that you have got at least 45% of marks in English. Furthermore a candidate has to undergo an entrance exam for finally qualifying for BBA program.


Duration: 3years


Fees: 2 to 4 Lakh per annum


Top colleges for BBA course are:

  • IIM(Indian Institute of Management): Indore
  • Keshav Mahavidyalay : Delhi
  • Mithibai college: Mumbai
  • Symbiosis center for management: Pune
  • Christ University: Bangalore



This course is able to open business avenues for the students. The different types of assignments and group projects help students in enriching their leadership skills. A student can avail to either part time, distance, online or even full time MBA courses. You will undergo a program called INSEAD during your course.


Those who want to look for part time MBA can complete the course in 3years. In the initial phase of this course students are taught subjects like Information technology, economics, finance, leadership and other aspects of management. After this initial phase students can select his/her specialized area.



In order to get qualify for the MBA courses a student have to give entrance exams like CAT/JMET/MAT/XAT or one need to appear with at least 30 marks in the MBA/MMS-CET. Those who want to apply for MBA after their BBA shall require 50% marks in their bachelor’s course.


Duration: 1 year


Fees: 16 to 22 Lakhs


Top Colleges for MBA have been given below:

  • IIM (Indian Institute Management): Lucknow
  • IIM Calcutta: Kolkata
  • Shailesh J. Mehta School of Management: Mumbai
  • IIT Kharagpur: Kharagpur
  • IIM Kozhikode: Kozhikode


4 Architecture

Students who have a knack towards building, designing or planning can opt for architectural courses. In this age of urbanization the demand for architectural courses are encountering a steady upsurge.


So, a career in architecture can help you to get a scope to get employed in recognised private or government departments.


Courses offered:



Those who want to become an architectural engineer can get admission in this course. There are almost 10 semesters in B.Arch course. A student who gets admission in this course will be taught subjects that belong from the arena of technology, engineering and arts. You will get both theoretical as well as practical exercises.



In order to get admitted in the bachelor of architecture students are required to appear for NATA (National aptitude test in Architecture). It is regarded as a reputed and popular entrance exam. It is mainly organized at national level. This exam is organized by the Council of Architecture and it is conducted every year.


Duration: 5 years


Fees: 5-6 Lakhs per annum


The best colleges for B.Arch have been enlisted below:

  • Sir J.J College of architecture: Mumbai
  • NIT Calicut: Kerala
  • BIT Mesra: Jharkhand
  • IIT Kharagpur: West Bengal
  • R.V School of Architecture: Karnataka
  • Anna University: Tamil Nadu


Students who do not have a pcb combination in their 12th can not only think of medical science rather they can get immense opportunity in other fields as well. If you are a pcb student and you cannot think beyond medical then have a look at this section of the study.


5 Zoology

Zoology relates to the study of the animal kingdom. The job of a zoologist is to study as well as analyze the genetics, physiology, and life process of different species. One can chose a specialized field in zoology as per their preferences and these field include Ethology, Entomology, Anthropodology, Cetology and many more.


Courses offered:


B.Sc in Zoology

Students who are looking for a course whereby they can get best career opportunities can opt for B.Sc course in Zoology. In this course students will learn about different aspects of animal world. It covers subjects related to evolutionary trends, behaviours and characteristic of a plethora of species. It is mainly categorised into two parts one is botany and the other is zoology.



Students can apply for bachelor degree in Zoology after completing their 10+2 exams from a reputed board with pcb stream. The applicants have to score 50-55% in physics, chemistry and biology for getting admission in this course.


Duration: 3 years


Fees: 2000-5000


Top colleges for zoology are:

  • Deen Dayal Upadhyaya College: Delhi
  • Maitreyi College: Delhi/NCR
  • St. Alberts College: Kochi
  • Kirori Mal College: Delhi/NCR
  • Acharya Narendra Dev College: Delhi


6 Genetics

Genetics is regarded as a very interesting field. It is basically a field of science which is devoted to the study of heredity as well as genetics of the living organisms. If you wish to explore the genes and their functioning then it seems to be an ideal field for you.


Courses offered:


B.Sc in Genetics

Students can get a good opportunity to explore the traits and characteristic of genes of different organisms. This course will teach you about the ways in which specific traits are passed from one generation to the next.


Subjects that are offered during this course include Microbiology, Cell Biology, Biometry, Molecular genetics, Biotechnology and many more. There are six semesters covered under this course.



The main criterion for getting admission in bachelors of genetics is to obtain 50% in the 12th board exam. However this marking criterion may differ in accordance to a college’s reputation. There are some colleges which take an aptitude test for qualifying students for this course.


Duration: 3years


Fees: 30,000 to 2 Lakhs


Top colleges for studying Genetics are:

  • Padmashree Institute of Management and Sciences: Bangalore
  • Acharya Bangalore B-School: Bangalore
  • AIMS Institute: Bangalore
  • Indian Academy Degree College: Bangalore
  • Garden City University: Bangalore


7 Physiology

It deals with the analysis of organ systems undertake physical as well as chemical functions. Students will gain knowledge regarding the process that is known to regulate our life. Once you complete it successfully you can get immense career opportunities in Regulatory biology or Neurobiology.


B.Sc in Physiology

The bachelors in physiology cover subjects like sensory mechanism, body fluid, gastrointestinal system etc. This course can enrich a student’s problem solving skills as they have to solve questions that are based on judgments or hypotheses. In fact candidates get a scope to learn about handling database packages. One can develop their management skills as well.



If you want to opt for bachelors degree in Physiology then you need to score at least 50% marks in pbc subjects. Without the subject combination of chemistry, physics and biology one is not regarded as eligible for choosing this course. Students might have to give an entrance test in some colleges. Your final aggregate of entrance as well as 12th marks will be added to give you a final verdict for your admission.


Duration: 3 years


Fees: 15000 to 3.75 Lakhs


Here is a list of Best colleges for bachelor degree in Physiology:

  • Vidyasagar College: Kolkata
  • Siliguri College: Siliguri
  • Government Medical College: Patiala
  • Hooghly Mohsin College: Hooghly


8 Marine Biology

If the world of marine beings holds interested to you then you can choose a course in Marine Biology. In this field students get to know the behaviours and characteristics of marine beings. Those who can show their potential in this field can get an opportunity to build their career as an aquaculturist or fishery biologist.


Courses offered:


B.Sc in Marine Biology

In this course a student is going to study the field of biological systems, genetics and botany. Those who will opt for this particular course will get expose to clinical research. Students have to appear in all the six semesters for graduating in marine biology.


Candidates can get career opportunities in healthcare or medical fields. A B.Sc degree in marine biology allows a student to clear their concepts regarding cell theory, natural science as well as life science.



The criterion which is to be fulfilled by a candidate to get admission in this course is that the candidate should pass 12th board exam with pcb as compulsory subjects. He/she should score about minimum 50% in each of the pcb subjects for qualifying for this course. The applicants have to appear for a personal interview and also a group discussion for finally becoming eligible for it.


Duration: 3 years


Fees: 90,000 to 3 Lakhs


Top colleges for getting a degree in marine Biology are:

  • Veer Narmad South Gujarat University: Gujarat
  • Ismail Yusuf College of Arts, Science and Commerce: Mumbai
  • Indian Maritime University: Mumbai
  • College of science and Technology: Andhra Pradesh
  • Karnataka University: Karnataka


9 Food and Agriculture

This is becoming one of the most popular fields of study among students. It is related to the study of the different chemical and biological aspects of plants and food crops. There are a large number of genres in food and agriculture and it includes agronomy, agricultural engineering, horticulture etc.


Courses offered:


Students can select from a hub of courses that are available for the field of food and agriculture. Let’s have a look at these varied courses.

  • Certificate courses
  • Bachelor courses
  • PG diploma courses
  • Masters degree
  • PhD program


Students can select any of the above mentioned courses in accordance to their preference and elegibility. The diploma and the bachelor degree courses fall under the undergraduate program whereas the masters and PG course comes under post graduate program. For PhD one needs to complete the graduation and post graduation courses. It is mainly based on research.



In order to take admission in graduation programs a student is required to successfully appear in their 10+2 exams with pcb combination. Those who have already completed their bachelor’s degree and looking for masters need to complete their bachelor courses successfully.


Duration: 3 years (for UG); 2years (for PG) and 1 year for (PhD)


Fees: 1-5 Lakhs


Top universities include:

  • National Dairy Research Institute
  • University of Agricultural sciences
  • Indian Agricultural Research Institute
  • Chadhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University


10 Allied medicine

This is a perfect field for those candidates who find it difficult to appear for the M.B.B.S program. In this genre of a medical science a person cannot work as doctor but he/she can assist a physician. Students can get a scope to apply their education in varied fields like Clinical Research, Occupational therapy, Physiotherapy, Radiology etc.


Courses offered:

  • Bachelor course in Respiratory care therapy
  • Bachelor degree in Anaesthesia Technology
  • Masters in Clinical Psychology
  • Bachelor in imaging technology
  • M.Sc in Public health


The candidates can choose their domain on the basis of their preferences and skill. Each of these fields delves in a particular category of medical science.



For taking up a bachelor degree program students have to score at least 50% marks in 10+2. They need to have a pcb combination subjects otherwise they will not be held as eligible for the degree. For the post graduate degree, students have to successfully complete bachelor program.


Duration: Bachelor: 3 years, Masters: 2 years


Fees: 35500-710000


List of colleges:

  • Postgraduate institute of medical Education and Research
  • King George Medical University
  • Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical, Education and Research
  • AIIM New Delhi


11 Botany

Botany is a branch of science which is concerned with study of plants, their structure and their interaction with organisms. Students with pcb combination can get a good opportunity by applying for courses in botany. Degree in botany can allow a student to take up career as an environmental consultant, horticulturalist or a nursery manager.


Courses offered –


B.Sc in Botany

In this course a student will be able to enrich their knowledge on the study of fungi, plant and algae. If you register yourself for this course then your syllabus will comprise of functioning of basic cell structure and evolution of different species of plants. It will comprise of both practical as well as theoretical exercises. This course is categorised into six semesters and one need to appear for each of semester exams for getting the graduate degree in Botany.



A student who have completed 10+2 with pcb stream can apply for this course. But there are some colleges that might select students on the basis of result of entrance exam. A student needs to have a problem solving skill and computer knowledge.


Duration: 3 years


Fees: 15000 to 30000


Top colleges where B.Sc Botany can be pursued have been given below:

  • Loyola College: Chennai
  • Hansraj College: Delhi
  • Madras Christian College: Chennai
  • St. Stephen’s College: Delhi
  • Fergusson College
  • Sri Venkateswara College: Delhi


12 Naturopathy and Yogic Science

Yoga is regarded as an ancient therapy for ensuring proper functioning of human body system. Nowadays most of the people are putting their faith on yoga as well as naturopathic treatments and hence its demand is increasing day by day. If you are an aspirant of M.B.B.S or B.D.S and finding it difficult to get admission then opt for a course in naturopathy and yoga. It will also guarantee you a position of a physician only.


Courses offered:



This course is totally devoted in teaching students about the diagnosing as well as treatment methods for curing a patient with the help of yogic science and naturopathy. The subjects that are dealt during this course include pathology, biochemistry, human physiology, yoga practice, microbiology etc.



If you want to apply for this course then you need to score minimum 50% marks in chemistry, biology, English and physics. However a student can get admission in B.N.Y.S as per their NEET scores.


Duration: 51/2 year+1 year internship


Fees: 50000 to 2 Lakhs (varies according to institutions)


Colleges that are able to ensure you a B.N.Y.S degree are:

  • Moraji Desai Institute of Naturopathy and Yoga: Vadodra
  • Govt. Naturopathic Medical College: Hyderabad
  • JSS Institute of Naturopathy and Yogic Sciences: Coimbatore
  • S.R.K medical College of Naturopathy and Yoga: Kanyakumari
  • Sant Hirdaram Medical College of Naturopathy and Yogic Sciences: Bhopal


13 Dentist

Students can get an excellent opportunity to become a dentist. You will get an opportunity to gain knowledge regarding the dental anatomy and oral medicine. Those who are able to successfully complete the degree of dental surgery can get a chance to works as a dental hygienist, dental surgeon, oral pathologist etc.


Courses Offered:


B.D.S Course

It is an undergraduate program and offers both internship and non-internship programs. There are two and in some colleges more than two semesters. Students are able to pursue this course either as a full timer or as a part timer. An aspirant has to learn the different aspects of dental surgery, pedodontics, oral histology, radiology etc.



An applicant has to appear for an exam which is conducted nationwide. Furthermore a student need to get at least 50% marks in physics, biology, English and chemistry in 10+2.


Duration: 4-5 years


Fees: 50000 to 12 Lakhs


Here’s presenting a list of top colleges that offer bachelor degree in dental surgery:

  • Manipal College of Dental Sciences: Karnataka
  • Dr R Ahmed Dental College and Hospital: West Bengal
  • Sri Sai College of Dental Surgery: Telangana
  • Pacific dental College: Rajasthan
  • Guru Nanak Institute of Dental Science and Research: West Bengal


So, hopefully you have got enough guidance regarding the choices that you can make in your education. One should always remember that right decision in selecting a suitable course after 12th can mould a strong career and foster your growth in future.

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