Do you want to study Law? Do you want to become a Lawyer? If yes, this article will be of help to you. This article will guide 10th standard passed law education aspirants. Career path, courses, eligibility criteria, entrance tests and career prospects have been discussed in detail here.
Have you passed 10th standard? Want to pursue Law directly after 10th? Well, at the moment, it is not possible to study law directly after 10th in India.
The minimum qualification required to study law is- 10+2 passed in any stream. 10th passed students, who want to study law, must go for 11th and 12th standard schooling in any stream- Science, Commerce or Arts.
After completing 10+2 board examination, they may study law. There are two course formats available in India, when it comes to law education-
- Integrated Law course- can be pursued directly after 12th
- Bachelor of Law (LL.B.)- can be pursued after graduation
Passing any one of the above mentioned course is necessary, if one want to become a Lawyer. To start practice, apart from clearing any one of the above mentioned course, one must also appear for Bar Council examination, clear it and enroll with the Bar Council.
Law courses prepare one to don the role of a legal professional. The course covers topics such as legal principles, laws and regulations in India, legal procedures and moot court sessions.
Let us check out each course format in detail-
1 Integrated Law course
It is 5 years long integrated academic program. Integrated law course can be pursued right after completing 12th standard. This program will lead one to dual degrees- A Bachelor’s Degree (depending on the program) and LL.B., on course completion.
Some of the well known Integrated law programs available in India include- BA LL.B., B.Com. LL.B., B.Sc. LL.B. and BBA LL.B. Yes, dual degrees are involved in such programs, like I mentioned above. Depending on one’s interest, one may go for any of the above mentioned law programs.
Duration: Integrated law course is 5 years long.
Eligibility criteria: Students who have passed 10+2 board examination (any stream- Science, Commerce or Arts) are eligible to pursue this course. Minimum marks criteria may exist in case of many institutes. Usually minimum aggregate marks required is around 45-50%.
After completing Integrated law program, one may enroll with Bar Council of India and start practicing as a Lawyer.
2 LL.B. after graduation
LL.B. is a PG course. It can be pursued after completing graduation. It is the traditional law course. If you are not interested in pursuing law directly after 12th, you may go for any 3 or 4 years long graduation program, complete it and then pursue LL.B.
Duration: LL.B. program is 3 years long.
Eligibility criteria: Graduates who have completed 3 or 4 (or even longer) years long graduation Degree from a recognized University are eligible to pursue this course.
After completing LL.B. program, one may enroll with the Bar Council and start practicing as a Lawyer in India.
To secure admission in reputed law institutes, one must appear for relevant law entrance tests and score good marks in those tests. Various types of law entrance tests include- National level test, State level test, Institute-wise test etc.
Let us check out some of the prominent law entrance tests in India-
- CLAT (Common Law Admission Test)
- AILET (All India Law Entrance Test)
- BLAT (BHU Law Admission Test)
- ULSAT (UPES Legal Studies Aptitude Test)
Other than the entrance tests mentioned above, there also exist numerous Institute-wise law entrance tests like- SET (Symbiosis Institute), AMU Law Entrance Exam, MSU Law Entrance Exam etc.
PG courses and further studies
Master’s course of LL.M. (Master of Law) can be pursued by Integrated law as well as LL.B. graduates to specialize in disciplines within the field of law! Another prominent Master’s level law course is- MBL (Master of Business Law).
The above mentioned Master’s courses can be used to specialize in lucrative disciplines. Let us check out some of the popular areas of specialization-
- International Law
- Criminal Law
- Business Law
- Energy & Environmental Law
- Banking Law
- Civil Law
- Taxation Law
- Cyber Law
- Intellectual Property Law
- Labour Laws
Other than Master’s Degree courses, law graduates may also go for PG Diploma law courses and specialize in any of the above mentioned specializations. After completing PG program, if you are interested in further studies, you may go for PhD program.
Other than the traditional PG courses, graduates may also go for other valuable courses like CS (Company Secretary Course), CA (Chartered Accountancy), MBA (relevant specialization) etc. In short, law graduates have access to a handful of PG courses after graduation. Course selection should be on the basis of career path and one’s interests.
Career prospects and job opportunities
Diverse job opportunities exist in front of Bachelor of Law graduates. Pursuing advanced courses like LL.M., MBA and CS will further boost one’s career prospects!
After completing Bachelor of Law education, one may appear for Bar Council examination and clear it. On clearing the exam and enrolling with the Bar Council of India, one may start legal practice as an Advocate and start representing clients at court.
One may also join Legal firms or firms offering legal consultancy. After gaining work experience by working under senior lawyers, one may branch out and start one’s own venture! Having entrepreneurship skills will help one excel in such ventures!
Also read: Law courses after 12th & after graduation
Apart from legal firms and own practice, Law graduates are also hired by MNCs and Corporate houses. One may also work with Banks and Finance related firms as a Legal Officer.
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