Commerce stream is still a very popular choice among Indian students who have passed 10th standard. Briefly, it seemed like Science stream and its popularity had tarnished the image of Commerce stream. It made it look like this stream was reserved for students who were not too bright. But it has proved everyone wrong and is still being chosen by bright students! In this article, you will be reading details about commerce stream schooling (11th and 12th) such as boards available in India, subjects to study, professional courses available after completing 12th, career paths and prospects.
Commerce stream opens doors that lead to professional courses, which acts like foundations! For example, consider B.Com. (Bachelor of Commerce) course. This 3 years long undergraduate Degree program is like a foundation course. After completing it, one may choose from a wide variety of PG professional courses and specialize in many other fields/areas! You may also check – best courses after 12th Commerce.
This diversity that commerce stream offers is one of the main factors that still attracts many 10th standard students. If you are good with numbers, good at analyzing and dealing with large chunks of data, have a taste in finance and economics, commerce stream will suit you!
Changing stream is not something that I’m really fond of. I suggest my readers to take an aptitude test and check whether they are really capable of pursuing commerce stream schooling after secondary education.
Let us take a look at the important education boards available in India (11th and 12th Commerce stream).
Commerce stream boards available in India
There are four main education boards available in India. Students may choose a board that suits them best. The choice shall be made on the basis of difficulty level associated with the boards and aptitude of the student. The names of the education boards are-
- CBSE (Central Board of Secondary Education)
- ICSE (Indian Certificate of Secondary Education)
- IB (International Baccalaureate)
- State Boards
IB is the toughest board among the above mentioned entries. It focuses on the concept of ‘how to learn’. Much emphasis is laid on ‘application of knowledge’ and ‘practical aspects’ of learning.
IB board is followed by ICSE board, when it comes to difficulty level. Then comes CBSE board. I think most of you are knowledgeable about this board. It functions under the Union Government of India. Difficulty level associated with this board is moderate.
Last comes State Boards. Each State in India has its own education board. It functions under the respective State Government of each state. Language of instruction (medium) in case of schools affiliated to such boards are- regional language and English.
Commerce stream subjects
Let us take a look at some of the important subjects present in 11th and 12th standards of commerce stream-
- Business Studies/Organisation of Commerce
- Information Practices
Note: Among the above mentioned subjects, the main ones are- Economics, English, Business Studies and Economics. Other subjects are optional ones. Availability of optional subject may vary from one educational board to another as well as from one state board to another. Few more optional subjects are- regional languages, physical education, multimedia, fine arts etc.
I highly suggest my readers to keep mathematics subject. Mathematics is one such subject that will come handy while pursuing professional courses like CA (Chartered Accountancy) training, CS (Company Secretaryship) training, Economics etc.
Academic program and evaluation
There are two academic years present- 11th and 12th standards. In case of some boards and state boards (like Gujarat and Haryana), each academic year has been divided into two semesters, each semester lasting a period of 6 months. Main evaluation exams are held at the end of each academic year (at the end of each semester, in case of semester learning system).
Professional courses after 12th
After passing 12th standard board examination, Commerce stream students may go for traditional Commerce (and chosen subjects) based courses as well as other new courses. Some major fields available in front of Commerce stream students are- Traditional Commerce courses, Law Education, Management courses, Diploma courses, Architecture, Social Works courses, Education courses and Technical courses.
Let us start with traditional courses first.
Bachelor’s course in Economics
Company Secretaryship course
After 12th Commerce, students are eligible to go for Law Education in the Integrated course format. Integrated Law course lasts 5 years. Some popular Integrated Law courses for Commerce stream student are-
- B.Com. + LL.B.
- BBA + LL.B.
- BA + LL.B.
- BBA (Bachelor of Business Administration)
- BMS (Bachelor of Management Studies)
- Integrated BBA + MBA program (5 years duration)
- BHM (Bachelor of Hotel Management)
- Retail Management (Diploma)
Earlier, most technical courses were out of bounds for Commerce stream students, But these days, some Technical courses have been made available for Commerce stream students also. Two such top courses are (mathematics subject is required)-
- B Architecture
- Bachelor of Interior Designing
- Bachelor of Design (Accessory)
- Bachelor of Design (Leather)
- Bachelor of Textile Design
- Bachelor of Product Design
- Furniture and Interior Design course
Physical Education courses
- Bachelor of Physical Education
- Diploma in Yoga Education
- Bachelor of Fashion Design and Technology
- Bachelor of Fashion Communication
Other Bachelor’s Degree and Diploma courses (even from other streams)
- B Social Work
- Mass Communication and Journalism
- Animation and Multimedia
- Performing Arts
- Language Courses (Foreign Languages are promising)
- Diploma in Retail Management
- Diploma in Education Technology
- Diploma in Hotel Management
- Air Hostess/Cabin Crew training course
- Diploma in Event Management
- Diploma in Film making and Video Editing
- B.El.Ed. (Bachelor of Elementary Education, 4 years long course)
- Diploma in Elementary Education
- B.P.Ed. (Bachelor of Physical Education)
- Primary Teachers Training course (can follow it up B.Ed.)
Vocational training courses
- Skill Diploma programs
- Domain Skilling programs
Commerce stream students may pursue UG (Undergraduate) as well as PG (Postgraduate) courses and have access to diverse job opportunities (depending upon the professional course). Some of the well known job profiles are- Management professional, Lawyer, Accountant, Banker, Teacher, Businessman, Chartered Accountant, Economist, Company Secretary, Investment Banker, Government employee, Civil Servant (IAS, IPS, IFS etc), Defence personnel etc.
Also read: Tips to prepare for 10th board exam
Before selecting commerce stream, do give a look at the career prospects available. Check whether you have the aptitude to pursue a career in this stream. This can be done through counseling sessions and field trips. For an exhaustive list of stream-wise courses, check out these guides – Science stream, Commerce stream & Arts stream.
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