IT stands for Information Technology. It is the study or use of systems to store, retrieve, transmit and manipulate data. Diploma in Information Technology is a 3 years long Diploma certificate program. After passing 10th standard, students are eligible to pursue this program. In this article, you will be reading about Diploma in IT Engineering course details, eligibility criteria, admission process, syllabus, further studies, career prospects and job profiles.
We use devices such as computers and mobile phones to store, transmit, retrieve and manipulate information. IT Engineering is a branch of engineering that focuses on management of data and the devices used in this process.
IT technology is being used in many areas of our lives! Directly or indirectly, IT supports various other sectors such as- business, education, healthcare, transportation, governance, commerce etc.
Some important topics/subjects covered in this program are- networking, hardware, software, database management and data processing.
This field has rapidly evolved over the past few years. It is growing at such a good rate that new technology is being introduced at frequent intervals and technology in use gets outdated quickly.
These days, many organizations and institutes are heavily dependent on IT. They have IT system that makes work much more efficient for them. IT professionals are required by such organizations for development, maintenance and replacement of such IT system. Many organizations and businesses also have dedicated IT staff to care of such tasks.
Diploma in IT Engineering is a 3 years long program. It follows the semester system of learning. Each academic year is divided into two semesters, with each semester lasting for a period of 6 months.
Few institutes are also offering Integrated program- Diploma + B.Tech. Degree in IT.
Diploma in IT Engineering course trains students in areas such as- IT systems, database management, internet technology, data storage, data security, data mining, networking, software and hardware.
Students who have passed 10th standard are eligible to pursue this course. This course can also be pursued after 10+2 schooling too (Mathematics group)!
Admission process and Colleges
Many polytechnic, technical education and engineering institutes across India are offering this program. Most institutes usually have the ‘direct admission’ process. Interested students have to approach the institute and fill up the admission form. Seats will be allotted to deserving students on the basis of marks scored by them in 10th board examination (usually in Mathematics and Science subjects).
To get a better idea about the course structure, let us go through a list of important subjects present in this program. Note: Only the important subjects have been mentioned.
1st semester subjects
- Engineering Physics
- Electronics (Basic)
- Digital Electronics (Basic)
- Computer Programming and Utilization
2nd semester subjects
- Engineering Physics
- Introduction to IT
- Advanced Computer Programming
3rd semester subjects-
- OS (Operating System)
- Computer Graphics
- Data Structure
- Digital Memory System
4th semester subjects-
- OOP (Object Oriented Programming)
- ICT (Information Communication Technology)
- Internet Technology
- Database Management
- Software Development (Basic)
5th semester subjects-
- ICN (Information Communication Networks)
- Java Programming
- Network Security
- Elective Subject
6th semester subjects-
- Advanced Java Programming
- Web and Network Security
- Elective Subjects
Note: This is the syllabus of GTU (Gujarat Technological University). Syllabus and course structure may vary from one University/State to another. However, the core subjects and syllabus will remain the same. Most of the subjects mentioned above have both theoretical studies and practical sessions associated with them. In case of last year (5th and 6th semesters), project work is present. Students will have to undertake and complete a project work related to the field of IT, under the guidance of faculty members.
Elective subjects may vary from one institute/university to another. Usually, elective subjects are related to topics like- Android app development, Data mining and warehousing, web designing, database administration etc.
Further studies and PG courses
After completing Diploma IT Engineering program, one may go for Bachelor’s Degree (B.E./B.Tech.) in IT Engineering! In most Degree Engineering colleges, certain percentages of seats are reserved for Diploma certificate holders. This entry is known as the lateral entry. Diploma holders with good grade may make use of lateral entry and join B.E./B.Tech. IT Engineering program’s 2nd academic year (directly). This way, Diploma holders may make the ‘DtoD’ switch and earn a Bachelor of Engineering/Technology Degree!
After that, one may go for Master’s education. M.E./M.Tech. program will enable one to specialize in disciplines within the Information Technology sector. If you are interested in management program, you may go for MBA program!
Career prospects and job opportunities
IT sector is closely related to other sectors such as software, hardware, networking, computing etc. Due to this reason diverse job opportunities are available in front of IT professionals! Countries like the USA, the UK and European Nations are outsourcing IT work to India. This means that there is decent job availability for IT professionals in India.
Some of the notable job profiles related to IT field are-
- IT Engineer
- IT Consultant
- Database Administrator
- IT Systems Manager
- Systems Developer
- Systems Analyst
- Web Designer/Developer
- Data Security Expert
- Network Engineer
IT service providers and IT consultancies are the prime recruiters. Firms like TCS, Wipro, Tech Mahindra, L&T Infotech and Infosys are some of the well known private sector players.
Telecommunications sector is another key area of employment. Government and private sector telecommunication companies such as BSNL, Vodafone, TATA, Reliance and IDEA have IT departments.
Also read: Diploma in Computer Engineering
Since most businesses and organizations today rely on IT, most of them have IT departments and staff. IT Diploma Certificate holders may join such organizations and businesses (healthcare, manufacturing, education, financial services/institutions etc). Self employment is another good opportunity available in front of IT professionals.
Starting salary depends on a number of different factors. Prominent factors are- profile of the employer, employee skills & aptitude and grades attained by the employee. General starting salary is around 15-20k Rupees per month.
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