Diploma in Mining Engineering is a 3 years long Diploma certificate program. This course can be pursued by students who have passed 10th standard as well as 12th standard (Science stream- Mathematics group). In this article you will be reading correct details about Diploma in Mining Engineering course. The article covers topics like course details, eligibility criteria, admission process, syllabus, PG courses, career prospects and salary details.
What is Mining engineering? What are the tasks of a mining engineer? What will the work be like (nature of work) after becoming a mining engineer? Are you searching for answers to these questions? Next section will help you find all those answers.
Mining Engineering: An Introduction
It is a branch of engineering that uses principles of science and technology in the process of extraction of minerals and other resources from the earth. Mining engineering focuses on use of technology and science to improve the efficiency and productivity of mining process. This branch also focuses on the impact of mining on surrounding environment. Principles of technology and science are used to keep environmental damage to a minimum level.
Human Beings have been mining since prehistoric times! Mining, to an extent, has been responsible for the advancement of human race. Weapons, tools and metallic objects were created by humans, thanks to the metals that they mined from under the earth’s surface!
After the Industrial revolution, the field of mining saw vast changes and improvements. Advanced techniques such as controlled explosions, advanced drilling tools and excavation tools were introduced during this stage.
More advanced technology has been introduced in the recent years. Remote sensing, computer aided imaging of mineral deposits and advanced drilling and excavation tools are being used for mining purposes at the moment!
In the recent years, environmental protection and restoration has evolved to become a key part of mining sector. Mining causes damage to surrounding environment. Extra attention is now given towards keeping this damage to a minimum level and restoring (or rehabilitating) the damage done to the environment. Also, use of sustainable methods is also being done to preserve and protect the environment.
Mining involves various stages. The process can be said to be made of stages like mineral discovery, mineral exploration, mineral excavation, mineral processing and mineral production.
A mining engineer is a trained professional who is capable of taking care of mining operations- at both surface and underground levels. A mining engineering is involved in stages like mineral exploration, estimation of the size of the mineral deposit, assessing viability, mine structure planning, project planning, mineral excavation, mineral processing, mineral production and man management.
Apart from taking care of the above mentioned tasks, a mining engineer also has to ensure that necessary safety procedures and standards are followed throughout the mining process. He/she also has to take note of the surrounding environment and the possible effects mining process will have on the environment. Restoration/rehabilitation of the environment/habitat has to be done after the mining process.
The work of a mining engineer is not as easy as it sounds. They have to travel across various parts of the world, as part of mineral exploration. Extensive field work is involved in this profession. Depending upon work, they may have to spend considerable amount of time under the surface or earth, inside a mine! Often, they may have to work at temporary offices setup under the surface of earth!
Few skills required to thrive in this field includes-
- Good stamina
- Will to travel extensively
- Eye for detail
- Analytical and Problem solving skills
- Man management skills
- Cost estimation skills
- Technical know-how
- Will to work under testing and extreme (sometimes) conditions
Mining engineering’s concepts and principles are used in allied fields of engineering such as- civil engineering, metallurgical engineering, geology and geotechnical engineering.
Let us check out the course details now-
Duration: Diploma in Mining Engineering is a 3 years long course. In cases of most institutes offering this course, the academic program is divided into 6 semesters, with each semester lasting for a period of 6 months.
Some institutes are also known to offer an integrated version of this course- Diploma + B.E./B.Tech. in Mining Engineering.
The course is a mixture of classroom lectures and practical sessions. The course covers topics like earth science, mining machinery, coal mining, surveying, surface mining, mine sampling, project management, mine safety, environmental hazard management etc.
Students who have passed 10th standard are eligible to pursue this course. This course can also be pursued after 10+2 Science stream (Mathematics group)!
Admission process and Colleges
Many polytechnic, technical education and engineering institutes across India are offering this program. Most institutes usually have the ‘direct admission’ or ‘merit based admission’ process. Interested students have to approach the institute and fill up the admission form. Seats will be allotted to deserving students on the basis of marks scored by them in 10th board examination (usually in Mathematics and Science subjects).
To get a better idea about the course structure, I’ve listed some of the important (core) subjects present in Diploma in Mining Engineering course below-
1st semester subjects-
- Engineering Mathematics
- Engineering Graphics/Drawing
- Engineering Physics
- Computer Programming and Utilization
2nd semester subjects-
- Engineering Mathematics
- Applied Mechanics
- Applied Chemistry
- Basics of Mechanical Engineering
- Workshop (Practical)
3rd semester subjects-
- Introduction to Mining and Geology
- Mining Geology
- Mining Machinery
- Applied Electrical and Electronics Engineering
4th semester subjects-
- Mine Surveying
- Mining Geology
- Surface Mining
- Mining Machinery
- Mine Sampling, Assaying and Mineral Dressing
5th semester subjects-
- Ming Ventilation
- Rock Mechanics
- Mining Hazards and Safety
- Electrical Engineering for Mining
- Mining and Processing of Dimensional Stone
- Project Work
6th semester subjects-
- Mine Surveying
- Mine Management, Safety and Legislation
- Underground Coal Mining
- Underground Metaliferrous Mining
- Project Work
Note: This is the syllabus of GTU (Gujarat Technological University). Syllabus and course structure may vary from one University/State to another. However, the core subjects and syllabus will remain the same. Most of the subjects mentioned above have both theoretical studies and practical sessions associated with them. In case of last year (5th and 6th semesters), project work is present. Students will have to undertake and complete a project work related to the field of Mining Engineering, under the guidance of faculty members.
Further studies and PG courses
After completing Diploma in Mining Engineering program, one may go for Bachelor’s Degree (B.E./B.Tech.) in Mining Engineering! In most Degree Engineering colleges, certain percentages of seats are reserved for Diploma certificate holders. This entry is known as the lateral entry. Diploma holders with good grade may make use of lateral entry and join B.E./B.Tech. Mining Engineering program’s 2nd academic year (directly). This way, Diploma holders may make the ‘DtoD’ switch and earn a Bachelor of Engineering/Technology Degree!
After completing Bachelor’s Degree program, one may go for Master’s education or PG Diploma programs. Relevant M.E./M.Tech., M.Sc. and PG Diploma courses will enable one to specialize in disciplines within the Mining Engineering sector. Other than that, one may also venture into allied fields such as civil engineering, metallurgical engineering, geotechnical engineering or geology.
If you are interested in management course, you may go for MBA program (after graduation)! After completing Master’s program, if you want to go for further advanced courses, M.Phil. and PhD programs are available in front of you!
Career prospects and job opportunities
Diverse job opportunities exist in front of qualified mining engineers. Diploma Mining Engineers have access to Government as well as Private sector jobs in India.
Mining Engineers are hired by industries and companies involved in extraction, production, processing and refining of minerals. Firms indulged in extraction of petroleum and natural gas are also known to hire mining engineers.
After pursuing Masters level courses, one may also take up the job post of a lecturer/instructor at mining schools/technical institutes. After completing advanced courses like M.Phil. and PhD, one may build a career in the Research and Development sector associated with the field of mining.
Some of the well known Government sector recruiters include-
- GSI (Geological Survey of India)
- Government operated mining firms
- Coal India
- GMDC (Gujarat Mineral Development Corporation)
- Odisha Mining Corporation
- Rajasthan State Mines and Minerals
- Tamil Nadu Minerals Limited
Talking about private sector, some of the well known recruiters include-
- Mining Companies
- Mineral Processing Companies
- Mineral Production Companies
- TATA Steel
Common job profiles available in front of mining engineers include-
- Junior Mining Engineer
- Assistant Mining Engineer
- Chief Mining Engineer
- Project Manager
- Site/Mine Supervisor
- Safety Technology Officer
- R&D Professional (after completing higher studies)
- Lecturer (after completing higher studies)
Mining engineers may earn around 10-20K Rupees per month (average figure) at start. Starting salary depends on number of factors. Prominent factors include- job location, profile of the employer and job profile.
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