How to Become a CA (Chartered Accountant) in India

Do you want to become a CA (Chartered Accountant)? If yes, this article will be of help to you. This article has been created keeping the needs of Chartered Accountancy aspirants in mind. This is a step-by-step guide where all the important details about becoming a CA have been mentioned. Graduates, 10th and 12th standard passed students may make use of this guide and start preparing for CA course!

Chartered Accountant

Before heading to the step-by-step guide, let us check out some basic details about chartered accountancy course and profession. What is CA course all about? Who is a CA, what are his/her tasks? What is it like to become a CA, what is the nature of the work like? Next section will answer all such questions of yours.


Chartered Accountancy: An Introduction

A chartered accountant is a professional who is capable of working in all fields of business and finance. Finance management, accounting, auditing, taxation and general business management are some of the tasks that chartered accountants are capable of performing. In simple terms, they deal with accounting and money matters (management).


CAs have diverse job opportunities and profiles available in front of them. Many CAs opt to do self practice. They can be seen offering services through private Accountancy firms and Consultancy firms. Government bodies are also known to hire CAs. When it comes to private sector, MNCs, Finance Institutes (Banks, Loan firms, VC firms etc), Small/Medium scale Industries, Private CA firms etc are known to hire them. You may also check – List of commerce courses after 12th in India.


In India, ICAI (The Institute of Chartered Accountants of India) is the authoritative body governing the quality and standards of CA education and training. CAs practicing in India are registered members of ICAI. Membership has to be renewed to continue practice in India. You may also check – Best diploma courses after 12th commerce.


Let us check out CA course details now-


CA Course details

CA course consists of 4 main levels. They are-

  • CPT (Common Proficiency Test)
  • IPCC (Integrated Professional Competence Course)
  • Articleship / Practical Training
  • CA Final


Let us check out each step involved in this whole process-


How to become a CA: Step-by-step guide


1 Register for CPT

The first step is to register with the ICAI for CPT. This can be done by students who have passed 10th standard. Thus, it is safe to say that the first step towards becoming a CA can be taken after completing 10th standard.


2 Appear for CPT exam and clear it

After completing 12th standard, students who have registered for CPT have to clear the CPT exam. Note: Students are eligible to take CPT test only after completing at least 60 days after initial date of registering with the ICAI.


3 Join IPCC

Students who have passed 12th standard and cleared CPT are eligible to join IPCC. Within IPCC course, there exist Orientation Program and ITT (Information Technology Training). Students have to compulsorily complete 35 hours of orientation program and 100 hours of ITT training.


4 Appear for IPCC Group Exams

After completion of the 9 months long IPCC course, students have to appear for (and clear) the IPCC Group 1 and Group 2 examinations.


It is mandatory to clear the Group 1 examination to proceed to articleship stage. Group 2 stage can be cleared during articleship stage too (if one can’t clear it before).


5 Start Articleship

This is 3 years long practical training stage. To enter this level, a student must have cleared IPCC Group 1 exam. Those who haven’t cleared IPCC Group 2 exam may appear for (and clear it) during the articleship period!


6 Join CA final course

After passing both the Groups- 1 and 2 of IPCC course, successful students may register for the CA final course.


After 2 years of articleship training, students have to undergo and complete 15 days long courses on general management and communication skills.


While serving the last 6 months of CA final course, students may appear for (and clear) CA final examination (Group 1 and 2).


7 Complete Articleship

If everything goes according to the plan, you will be able to complete articleship after clearing CA final examination. Note: One must clear necessary papers in first attempt itself to follow the path mentioned in this article.


8 Acquire membership

After completing all the necessary courses, exams and articleship training mentioned above, successful candidates may acquire ICAI membership. After registering with the ICAI and obtaining membership, one is eligible to use the title of ‘Chartered Accountant’!


Career prospects, scope & jobs

Skilled CAs have access to different types of job profiles and opportunities. Traditionally, CAs are hired by –

  • CA firms
  • Accounting firms
  • Consultancies
  • MNCs
  • Business houses
  • Tax Practitioner firms
  • Banks
  • Financial institutes
  • Insurance firms
  • Government agencies

Apart from that, CAs may even become self-employed and start their own accounting firm or consultancy service. In short, a skilled CA is always in huge demand. He/she has access to ample amount of job opportunities in private, government as well as self-employment sectors!

Arun Kallarackal
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5 thoughts on “How to Become a CA (Chartered Accountant) in India”

  1. Dear all
    I completed my 10th education recently, I am thinking to join CA course. But I have doubt if I will do polytechnics (3 year diploma), I am I eligible for CA. If yes what is the step by step procedure.

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