How to Become a Doctor in India | Entrance & Admissions

Do you want to become a Doctor in India? If yes, this article will be of help to you. This career guide has been crafted keeping the needs of Indian medical aspirants in mind. Here, I’ve provided a step-by-step guide that covers topics like – eligibility criteria, entrance tests, admission process and other important details.


First of all, let me mention some facts about the title ‘Doctor’. In India, a person may earn the title ‘Doctor’ in many ways. It can be earned by obtaining PhD in a specific field, it can be obtained after completing medical courses like MBBS and BDS, it can also be obtained after completing courses such as BPT, BAMS, BHMS and other relevant courses! Also check – Medical courses after 12th science.


In this article, I’ll be discussing about MBBS course only. This guide will help you know more about the steps involved in becoming a medical practitioner (MBBS) in India. Also check – MLT courses in India.


Why become a Doctor?

A Doctor treats patients and thus brings relief and happiness into the lives of his/her patients. A Doctor can change the lives of his/her patients.


This job brings with it monetary benefits as well as job satisfaction. In India, Doctors have both Government and Private sector job opportunities available in front of them.


Both these sectors are well paying. In short, this career is financially well rewarding!


A Doctor treats and interacts with patients on a daily basis. He/she cures patients and thus brings happiness into the lives of patients. This career provides one an opportunity to help people directly. The level of job satisfaction that this job gives is impressive!


Duties of a Doctor

A Doctor performs the below mentioned tasks, depending upon his/her specialization –

  • Examine patients and arrive upon diagnosis
  • Prescribe medications
  • Perform surgeries
  • Manage staff comprising of nurses, paramedical and allied healthcare workers
  • Educate patients and their family members
  • Check patients’ records and keep an eye on their recovery/rehabilitation

Skills required to become a good Doctor

In order to thrive in this profession, one must possess the following qualities –

  • Compassion and will to help others
  • Patience
  • Eye for detail
  • Concentration
  • Physical stamina
  • Calm and composed nature
  • Emotional strength
  • Medical know-how
  • Quick thinking
  • Will to learn new skills and keep oneself updated


As mentioned before, we will be discussing about only MBBS course in this article. MBBS stands for Bachelor of Medicine and Surgery. It is a 5.5 years long academic program. The last one year of the academic program is dedicated towards rotating internship.


MCI (Medical Council of India) is the Governing body that takes care of various aspects of medical education in India. There are numerous MCI approved medical education institutes (Government and Private) across India.


Here are the steps involved in becoming a Doctor in India –


Steps involved in becoming a Doctor in India

1 Meet the eligibility criteria

A student must have passed 10+2 Science stream (with Physics, Chemistry and Biology subjects) to be considered eligible to pursue MBBS course. So, the first thing that you should take care of is the eligibility criteria.


Before applying for admission, make sure that you have the minimum educational qualifications required to pursue this course.


2 Appear for relevant entrance tests

If you want to get into a reputed medical institute, it is necessary to appear for and crack relevant entrance tests! Some of the prominent medical entrance tests in India are – NEET, AIIMS, AFMC, State-wise entrance tests and institute-wise entrance tests.


3 Apply for admission

If you satisfy the eligibility criteria and have scored valid marks in a relevant entrance test, move on to step 3 – apply for admission. Admission process may vary from one state to another.


4 Complete the course

After gaining admission into a good college, complete the academic program successfully. After completing 4.5 years classroom training and 1 year rotating internship, you will earn the title of ‘Doctor’.


Though MBBS Degree is enough to practice as a Doctor in India, it is not the end of the road. Nowadays, it is necessary to pursue and complete Postgraduate courses such as – MS, MD and PGDM programs (to boost one’s career prospects)!


Though this article is limited to MBBS course, you may earn the title ‘Doctor’ through the following courses also – BDS (Dentistry), BAMS (Ayurveda), BHMS (Homeopathy), BUMS (Unani), B.V.Sc. & AH (Veterinary Science), Pharm D, BPT (Physiotherapy), BOT (Occupational Therapy), PhD programs etc.

Arun Kallarackal
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