How to Become a Forensic Scientist in India: Career Guide

Hello readers! This post is a career guide. Here, you will find everything you need to know about becoming a Forensic Scientist in India.

Forensic Scientist

Forensic Science is a decent domain that generates ample amount of job opportunities. In India, this domain has many takers. Also check – How to become a psychologist in India.


This domain has gained huge popularity among students in recent years. There are many reasons responsible for the surge in Forensic Science’s popularity among students.


First of all, it is a good alternative to over-saturated courses such as – MBBS, Engineering and Management education. Students look at Forensic Science as a good alternative. Also check – Nursing courses in India.


Second factor is – this field generated ample amount of job opportunities. It is well known to give students access to Government jobs, Private sector jobs and Self-employment opportunities.


Do you want to become a Forensic Scientist? If yes, then make sure that you read the entire post! Here, I’ve listed down the steps involved in building a career in this sector!


If you are a Forensic Science enthusiast, you must already know what this domain is all about. If you are not familiar with this domain, check out the next section to know more about it.


What is Forensic Science?

Forensic Science is a branch of science that deals with the application of scientific methods and techniques to matters under investigation by court of law.


Haven’t you seen crime scene investigation scenes in movies and TV shows? Such scenes depict how forensic science and scientists actually work.


Forensic Science (methods and techniques) play an important role in crime scene investigation. It is used extensively to solve cases that fall under criminal laws. Apart from that, it is also used to solve civil laws cases.


Forensic Science is a vast domain. It consists of many sub-domains and aspects. Some such aspects and sub-domains form areas of specialization within Forensic Science field!


Here are some of the notable sub-domains of Forensic Science –

  • Digital Forensics
  • Forensic Accounting
  • Forensic Chemistry
  • Forensic DNA Analysis
  • Forensic Pathology
  • Forensic Toxicology


Who is a Forensic Scientist?

Forensic Scientists collects, preserves, labels, studies and analyzes scientific evidence during the course of an investigation. He/she may visit the crime scene and collect the evidence himself/herself or may don a laboratory role.


Apart from collecting, preserving and analyzing evidence, they also testify as witnesses in civil and criminal cases.


How to become a Forensic Scientist in India: Step-By-Step Guide


Step 1 – Choose a relevant academic program

In order to become a Forensic Scientist, you must possess a relevant academic qualification or Degree! In India, there exists different types of Forensic Science courses. There exists UG (Undergraduate), PG (Postgraduate) and Doctoral Degree courses!


The first step is to find an ideal academic program. You may select an ideal course on the basis of your current academic qualifications.


Candidates who have passed 12th standard may choose UG level courses. Bachelor’s Degree holders may choose PG level courses. Master’s Degree holders may go for Doctoral Degree courses.


Here are some notable UG courses available in India – B.Sc. in Forensic Science, B.Sc. in Computer Science and Digital Forensics, B.Tech. in Computer Science and Digital Forensics, B.Sc. in Digital Forensics.


Here are some notable PG courses – M.Sc. in Forensic Science, M.Sc. in Digital Forensics, M.Sc. in Forensic Chemistry, M.Sc. in Forensic Pathology, PG Diploma in Forensic Science, PG Diploma in Digital Forensics.


Step 2 – Satisfy the eligibility criteria

Based on your academic qualification, you’ve selected an ideal course. But are you eligible to pursue this course? Here’s eligibility criteria associated with each type of course –


UG courses – 10+2 passed with Science stream from a recognized board.


PG courses – Completed relevant Bachelor’s Degree course from a recognized University/College.


Doctoral Degree courses – Completed relevant Master’s Degree course from a recognized College/University.


Step 3 – Secure admission and complete the academic program

Next step is – securing admission. Most Colleges follow merit based admission process. In order to secure admission, you must score well in relevant entrance examination and selection interview. After securing admission, make sure that you complete the academic program. Also check – how to become a Company Secretary in India.



As I mentioned before, Forensic Scientists have access to Government, Private as well as Self-employment opportunities. Some of the main recruiters are –

  • CBI
  • IT Department
  • Police Force
  • Armed Forces
  • Forensic Labs
  • Private Investigation Agencies
  • Law Firms
Arun Kallarackal
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