How to Become a Paramedic in India | The Complete Career Guide

Do you want to become a Paramedic? If yes, this article will be of help to you. This step-by-step career guide has been crafted keeping the needs of paramedic training aspirants in mind. This article focuses on the topic – how to become a paramedic in India.


Paramedics form an integral part of the healthcare sector. A paramedic is a healthcare professional who works under the directions of the Doctor. Depending upon his/her qualifications, a paramedic may also be able to make autonomous decisions. Also check – Paramedical courses in India.


Paramedics are capable of working in emergency medical services, pre-hospital, hospital and out-of-hospital setups. The kind of work they do depends upon the training and specialization that they possess.


The healthcare sector needs skilled paramedics to function smoothly. They assist Doctors in various stages of treatment (depending upon their qualification) such as – diagnosis, treatment, operation, rehabilitation and patient education.


Here are some of the roles donned by paramedics (depending upon their qualifications and specializations) –

  • Lab technician
  • Operation theater technician
  • Optometrist
  • Occupational therapist
  • Medical imaging technician
  • Emergency medical technician
  • To thrive in this profession, one must possess the following qualities –
  • Compassion and helping nature
  • Good communication skills
  • Confidence
  • Ability to work in a team (comprising of Doctors and Nurses)
  • Stamina to work in long shifts
  • Willingness to work at odd hours
  • Mental and emotional strength
  • Ability to deal with ‘difficult’ patients
  • Sound moral values and work ethics
  • Eye for detail


Common tasks performed by paramedics include (depending upon their qualifications) –

  • Operate diagnostic equipment/carry out diagnostic procedures
  • Carrying out instructions provided by Doctors (Assisting Doctors)
  • Rehabilitation of patients
  • Monitoring patient’s condition
  • Educating patients and their relatives
  • Taking care of patients’ medications
  • Carry out emergency (first aid) medical procedures
  • Operate medical imaging equipment


To become a Paramedic in India, one must complete a relevant paramedical training course from a recognized institute. There are Degree, Diploma and Certificate courses available in India, when it comes to paramedical training.


I’d suggest my readers to pursue a good Bachelor’s Degree or Diploma course. Such courses would help one get decent jobs. Further, after pursuing these courses, it is relatively easier to go for higher education (advanced courses).


Steps to become a paramedic in India


1 Choose a relevant paramedical course

The first step is to choose a relevant paramedical course. Here are some of the best Degree and Diploma paramedical courses in India –

  • B.Sc. in Operation Theatre Technology
  • B.Sc. in X Ray Technology
  • B.Sc. in Radiography and Medical Imaging
  • B.Sc. in Dialysis Technology
  • B.Sc. in Medical Record Technology
  • B.Sc. in Medical Laboratory Technology
  • B.Sc. in Ophthalmic Technology
  • Bachelor of Occupational Therapy
  • Bachelor of Physiotherapy
  • B.Sc. in Speech Therapy
  • BASLP Course
  • B.Sc. in Audiology
  • B.Sc. in Anaesthesia Technology
  • B.Sc. in Audiology and Speech Therapy
  • B.Sc. in Optometry
  • Diploma in Operation Theatre Technology (DOTT)
  • Diploma in X Ray Technology
  • Diploma in Radiography and Medical Imaging
  • Diploma in ECG Technology
  • Diploma in Dialysis Technology
  • Diploma in Medical Record Technology
  • Diploma in Medical Laboratory Technology (DMLT)
  • Diploma in Ophthalmic Technology
  • Diploma in Physiotherapy
  • Diploma in Anaesthesia Technology
  • Diploma in Nursing Care Assistant
  • Diploma in Sanitary Inspector
  • Diploma in Hearing Language and Speech (DHLS)
  • Diploma in Dental Hygienist
  • Diploma in Audiometry Technician
  • Diploma in Audiology and Speech Therapy


2 Satisfy the eligibility criteria

Each course has its own eligibility criteria. To secure admission, you must be academically eligible to pursue that particular course. 10+2 passed is the eligibility criteria in cases of most of the paramedical courses. Depending upon the course, this criteria may vary!


3 Secure admission

Reputed institutes rely on merit based admission process. Deserving candidates are allotted seats based on the marks scored by them in relevant entrance test / board exam / a combination of both.


4 Complete the academic program

Paramedical courses boasts a holistic mixture of classroom lectures and practical sessions.


Career prospects

Paramedics have both Government and private job opportunities available in front of them. Prime recruiters are –

  • Private hospitals
  • Government hospitals
  • Private clinics
  • Government clinics
  • Community health centres
  • Home based healthcare units
  • Rehabilitation centres
  • Medical laboratories
  • Rural healthcare centres
Arun Kallarackal
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