In this article, we will have an in-depth analysis of Cutting and Sewing trade offered by ITIs. It is a job oriented vocational trade. This article covers topics such as trade details, duration, syllabus, admission process and career prospects.
|Course Duration:||1 year|
|Eligibility Criteria:||8th pass|
|Type of Course:||ITI Vocational Training|
ITIs (Industrial Training Institutes) in India are offering some of the best vocational courses out there. Cutting and Sewing trade/course is one such job oriented vocational course. The best thing about this course is that it suits female candidates very well!
It is not uncommon to see girls taking up this trade in large numbers. Some institutes only accept female students, when it comes to this course.
It is a 1 year long course. 8th passed students are eligible to pursue this course. At the end of training, successful candidates are awarded Vocational Training certificates related to this trade.
Cutting and Sewing Course: An Introduction
As the name suggests this course trains students in areas related to cutting, sewing and stitching garments. The vocational course trains students in areas like – cutting and sewing trade theory and practical.
The main aim of this trade is to provide vocational training to candidates and turn them into skilled professionals who can work with garment (measure, cut, sew, operate relevant machinery and stitch) and make different types of dresses.
Cutting and Sewing trade trains students in areas such as –
- Measuring garments
- Drafting garments
- Cutting garments
- Stitching garments
- Finishing garments
- Designing and creating block patterns
- Operating relevant tools and equipment
- Printing patterns using blocks
- Operating sewing machine
In short, the course trains them in aspects related to handling clothing material and finishing them into simple garments.
Let us check out the basic course details now –
Type of course
It is a Vocational Training Certificate course.
8th pass is the minimum qualification required to pursue this course.
Institutes and admission process
Many private and government operated ITIs across India are offering Cutting and Sewing trade. Most of them rely on merit based admission process. Some ITIs are also know to rely on direct admission process.
It is a trade pursued mostly by girls. Some institutes are known to accept only female candidates, when it comes to this trade.
The syllabus can roughly be divided into two parts –
- Trade theory
- Trade practical
Important trade theory subjects –
- Tools and equipment
- Sewing machinery
- Sewing techniques
- Methods of finishing
- Fibers and fabrics
- Buttonholes and fasteners
- Trimming materials and accessories
- Color scheme
- Quality criteria
- Safety precautions
- Anatomy of human figure
Important trade practical subjects –
- Identification and familiarization of trade tools
- First aid
- Measuring (body, materials and components)
- Making patterns (flat and block patterns)
- Cutting with hand-held tools
- Arranging layouts
- Pressing (using hand-held iron)
- Folding garments
- Operating sewing machine (treadle, motorized and overlock)
- Maintaining sewing machine (treadle, motorized and overlock)
- Stitching by hand
- Stitching by machine
- Fixing fasteners
- Making buttonholes
- Shaping garment
- Stitching components
- Finishing edges
- Making corners and openings
- Attaching collars and sleeves
- Finishing neckline
- Preparing waistline
Career prospects and job opportunities
ITI Cutting and Sewing passed students have diverse job opportunities available in front of them. Self-employment is the best path that’s available in front of them.
Some of the well known recruiters are –
- Garment manufacturers
- Textile Mills
- Garment retailers
- Tailor shops
- Textile co-operatives
In the above mentioned work setups, ITI Cutting and Sewing passed students may don the following roles –
- Machine operator
- Printing Block designer
- Sewing specialist
- Stitching specialist
- Printing specialist
Talking about self-employment, cutting and sewing passed students may start their own tailor shop or garment handling firm. Government usually provides financial assistance for such medium scale ventures.