Electrician

In this article, we will have an in-depth analysis of Electrician trade offered by ITIs. It is a job oriented vocational trade. This article covers topics such as trade details, duration, syllabus, admission process and career prospects.

 

Trade overview

Name of the Trade: Electrician
Course Duration: 2 years
Eligibility Criteria: 10th passed
Type of Course: ITI Vocational Training

 

Electrician

 

ITIs (Industrial Training Institutes) in India are offering some of the best vocational courses out there. Electrician trade/course is one such job oriented vocational course.

 

It is a 2 years long course. 10th passed students (with Science subject) are eligible to pursue this course. At the end of training, successful candidates are awarded Vocational Training certificates.

 

Electrician Trade: An Introduction

As the name suggests, ITI Electrician trade focuses on various aspects of electricity such as – wiring (residential, commercial and industrial), home appliances, electrical machines, lighting, electrical installations etc.

 

The main aim of this trade is to provide vocational training to candidates and turn them into qualified electricians! The course thus aims at developing a skilled work-force of qualified electricians in India.

 

Electrician trade trains students in areas such as –

  • Wiring (residential, commercial and industrial)
  • Lighting installation (residential, commercial and outdoors)
  • Power generation, distribution and transmission systems
  • Insulators
  • Earthing
  • Capacitors and electrical circuits
  • Batteries
  • Working, servicing and repair of electrical appliances (motors, fans, pumps, home appliances, AC, fridge etc)
  • Transformers
  • AC/DC systems

 

Let us check out the basic course details now –

 

Course details

 

Type of course

It is a Vocational Training Certificate course.

 

Duration

2 years.

 

Eligibility criteria

10th pass (under 10+2 system of schooling) is the minimum qualification required to pursue this course.

 

Institutes and admission process

Many private and government operated ITIs across India are offering electrician trade. Most of them rely on merit based admission process. Some ITIs are also know to rely on direct admission process.

 

Syllabus

The syllabus can roughly be divided into two parts –

  1. Trade theory
  2. Trade practical

Important trade theory subjects –

  • Safety and First Aid
  • Trade tools
  • Fundamentals of electricity
  • Solders, flux, soldering techniques and resistors
  • Conductors, wires, cables and voltage grades
  • Ohm’s law
  • Kirchhoff’s law
  • Electrical accessories
  • Chemical effects of electrical current
  • Batteries and cells
  • Sawing and Drilling
  • Magnetism
  • Resistance
  • Domestic electrical appliances
  • DC Machines and Motors
  • Electric Wiring
  • Wiring systems
  • Earthing
  • AC Current
  • Transformers
  • Alternator
  • Measuring electricity (units and instruments)
  • Light and lighting techniques
  • Converter-inverter
  • Digital Electronics

Important trade practical subjects –

  • Elementary first aid and artificial respiration
  • Trade tools demonstration
  • Practice using tools like cutters, pliers and conductors
  • Practice in soldering
  • Identification of wires
  • Practice on using standard wire gauge
  • Verification of Ohm’s law
  • Verification of Kirchhoff’s law
  • Installing and overhauling common electrical accessories
  • Fixing switches, boards etc
  • Assembly of dry cell
  • Care and maintenance of batteries
  • Charging of lead acid cell
  • Fitting trade
  • Drilling trade
  • Demonstration on CRO
  • Identification of different types of capacitors
  • Practice of assembling and dismantling a DC machine
  • Practice in capping and casing
  • Practice on installation of earthing system
  • Practice on installation and maintenance of alternators
  • Practice on installation of lighting system
  • Practice on winding of transformers
  • Testing, running and reversing of universal motor
  • Practice of wiring on electric motor, control panel etc
  • Installation and fault finding practice

Career prospects and job opportunities

ITI passed electricians have diverse job opportunities available in front of them. They have access to both private sector and government sector jobs. Besides that, self employment is another opportunity available in front of them.

 

Some of the well known private sector recruiters are –

  • MNCs (electrician)
  • Power production and transmission companies
  • Electrical equipment manufacturing firms
  • Electrical appliance manufacturing firms
  • Refineries
  • Industries that use electrical machine

 

Some of the well known government sector recruiters are –

  • State-wise electricity boards
  • PWDs
  • Municipal Corporations
  • Armed Forces
  • PSUs

 

In the above mentioned work setups, ITI electrical trade passed students may don the following roles –

  • Electrician
  • Wire man
  • Lineman
  • Supervisor
  • Technician
  • Repair expert

 

Self-employment opportunities include –

  • Starting own electrical repair shop
  • Starting own electrical goods store
  • Becoming a contractor
  • Being self-employed by offering one’s service to people
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