Science Stream After 10th

Science stream is a very popular choice among 10th standard passed students in India. Students who want to pursue pure and applied science professional courses in the future may choose this stream. In this article, you will be reading details about science stream schooling (11th and 12th) such as boards available in India, subjects to study, professional courses available after completing 12th, career paths and prospects.

 

Science

 

When compared to other main streams- Commerce and Arts, Science stream is a bit tough. Academically bright students won’t have much difficulty in facing the subjects present in this stream though. Let us take a look at the important education boards available in India (11th and 12th Science stream). You may also check – best courses after 12th Science.

 

Science stream boards available in India

There are four main education boards available in India. Students may choose a stream that suits them best. The choice shall be made on the basis of difficulty level associated with the boards and aptitude of the student. The names of the boards are-

  • CBSE (Central Board of Secondary Education)
  • ICSE (Indian Certificate of Secondary Education)
  • IB (International Baccalaureate)
  • State Boards

 

IB is the toughest board among the above mentioned entries. It focuses on the concept of ‘how to learn’. Much emphasis is laid on ‘application of knowledge’ and ‘practical aspects’ of learning.

 

IB board is followed by ICSE board, when it comes to difficulty level. Then comes CBSE board. I think most of you are knowledgeable about this board. It functions under the Union Government of India. Difficulty level associated with this board is moderate.

 

Last comes State Boards. Each State in India has its own education board. It functions under the respective State Governments of each state. Language of instruction (medium) in case of schools affiliated to such boards are- regional language and English.

 

Science stream groups

When it comes to Science stream, there are two main groups within it. They are-

  • Biology Group (Physics, Chemistry and Biology as main subjects)
  • Mathematics Group (Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics subjects)

 

These groups, to an extent, ends up determining the career path of a student! A student may choose any one of the above mentioned groups or pursue both of them at the same time. The choice has to be made by the student.

 

The mathematics group is generally known as the A group and biology group is known as B group. Students pursuing both groups may identify themselves as AB group students.

 

Let us now focus on the important subjects present in science stream schooling.

 

Important subjects

  • Physics
  • Chemistry
  • Mathematics
  • Biology
  • English
  • Computer Science

 

Among the above mentioned subjects, Physics, Chemistry, English and Mathematics/Biology are compulsory subjects. Students have to choose an optional subject other than them. Usually, availability of such optional subjects may vary from one board to another and from one state board to another. Usually, the optional subjects are- computer science, Sanskrit, regional languages etc.

 

Academic program and evaluation

There are two academic years present- 11th and 12th standards. In case of some boards and state boards, the each academic year has been divided into two semesters, each semester lasting a period of 6 months. Main evaluation exams are held at the end of each academic year (at the end of each semester, in case of semester learning system).

 

Professional courses after 12th

Professional courses available after 12th can roughly be classified into three types- applied science courses, pure science courses and other courses. Such courses are available in Diploma as well as Bachelor’s Degree formats.

 

Course selection is influenced by the group a student has had in 11th and 12th classes. Based on those groups, some of the well known professional courses available are-

 

Mathematics Group courses-

 

Engineering (Bachelor’s Degree/Diploma)

 

Science courses

  • B.Sc. Agriculture
  • B.Sc. Horticulture
  • B.Sc. Forestry
  • B.Sc. IT
  • B.Sc. Computer Science
  • B.Sc. Chemistry
  • B.Sc. Mathematics
  • B.Sc. Physics
  • B.Sc. Hotel Management
  • B.Sc. Nautical Science
  • B.Sc. Electronics
  • B.Sc. Electronics and Communication
  • B.Sc. Biotechnology
  • BCA (similar to B.Sc. course structure)

Law courses

  • B.Sc. + LL.B.
  • B.Tech. + LL.B.
  • B.Com. + LL.B.
  • BBA + LL.B.

Management courses

  • BBA (Bachelor of Business Administration)
  • BMS (Bachelor of Management Studies)
  • Integrated BBA + MBA program (5 years duration)
  • BHM (Bachelor of Hotel Management)
  • Retail Management (Diploma)

Bachelor of Architecture

 

Designing courses

  • Bachelor of Interior Designing
  • Bachelor of Design (Accessory)
  • Bachelor of Design (Leather)
  • Bachelor of Textile Design
  • Bachelor of Product Design
  • Furniture and Interior Design course

Physical Education courses

  • Bachelor of Physical Education
  • Diploma in Yoga Education
  • Bachelor of Sports Science

Fashion courses

  • Bachelor of Fashion Design and Technology
  • Bachelor of Fashion Communication

B Pharmacy

 

Commercial Pilot Training

Other Bachelor’s Degree and Diploma courses (even from other streams)

  • B.Com. (relevant fields like statistics)
  • B Social Work
  • Mass Communication and Journalism
  • Animation and Multimedia
  • Performing Arts
  • Language Courses (Foreign Languages are promising)
  • Diploma in Retail Management
  • Diploma in Education Technology
  • Diploma in Hotel Management
  • Diploma in Fire Safety and Technology
  • Diploma in Film Making and Video Editing
  • Air Hostess/Cabin Crew training course
  • Diploma in Event Management

Education/Teaching courses

  • B.El.Ed. (Bachelor of Elementary Education, 4 years long course)
  • Diploma in Elementary Education
  • B.P.Ed. (Bachelor of Physical Education)
  • Primary Teachers Training course (can follow it up with B.Ed.)

 

Biology Group courses-

 

Medicine- MBBS

 

Dental Science- BDS

 

Ayurveda- BAMS

 

Homeopathy- BHMS

 

B Pharmacy

 

Pharm D

 

BASLP

 

Bachelor of Physiotherapy

 

Bachelor of Occupational Therapy

 

Unani- BUMS

 

Science courses

  • B.Sc. Biochemistry
  • B.Sc. Biology
  • B.Sc. Physics
  • B.Sc. Chemistry
  • B.Sc. Environmental Science
  • B.Sc. Biotechnology
  • B.Sc. Nursing
  • B.Sc. Occupational Therapy
  • B.Sc. Physiotherapy
  • B.Sc. Radiology
  • B.Sc. Bioinformatics
  • B.Sc. Anthropology
  • B.Sc. Microbiology
  • B.Sc. Zoology
  • B.Sc. Forensic Science
  • B.Sc. Agriculture
  • B.Sc. Pathology
  • B.Sc. Speech Therapy
  • B.F.Sc. (Fisheries Science)
  • B.Sc. Horticulture
  • B.Sc. Genetics
  • B.Sc. Health Science and Nutrition
  • B.Sc. Sports Science
  • B.Sc. Audiology
  • B.Sc. Botany

Law courses

  • B.Sc. + LL.B.
  • B.Tech. + LL.B.
  • B.Com. + LL.B.
  • BBA + LL.B.

Management courses

  • BBA (Bachelor of Business Administration)
  • BMS (Bachelor of Management Studies)
  • Integrated BBA + MBA program (5 years duration)
  • BHM (Bachelor of Hotel Management)
  • Retail Management (Diploma)

Bachelor of Architecture

Designing courses

  • Bachelor of Interior Designing
  • Bachelor of Design (Accessory)
  • Bachelor of Design (Leather)
  • Bachelor of Textile Design
  • Bachelor of Product Design
  • Furniture and Interior Design course

Physical Education courses

  • Bachelor of Physical Education
  • Diploma in Yoga Education
  • Bachelor of Sports Science

Fashion courses

  • Bachelor of Fashion Design and Technology
  • Bachelor of Fashion Communication

Other Bachelor’s Degree and Diploma courses (even from other streams)

  • B.Com. (relevant fields like statistics)
  • B Social Work
  • Mass Communication and Journalism
  • Animation and Multimedia
  • Performing Arts
  • Language Courses (Foreign Languages are promising)
  • Diploma in Retail Management
  • Diploma in Education Technology
  • Diploma in Hotel Management
  • Diploma in Fire Safety and Technology
  • Diploma in Film Making and Video Editing
  • Air Hostess/Cabin Crew training course
  • Diploma in Event Management

Education/Teaching courses

  • B.El.Ed. (Bachelor of Elementary Education, 4 years long course)
  • Diploma in Elementary Education
  • B.P.Ed. (Bachelor of Physical Education)
  • Primary Teachers Training course (can follow it up with B.Ed.)

Diploma courses

  • Diploma in Nursing
  • Diploma in Retail Management
  • Diploma in Education Technology
  • Diploma in Dairy Technology

 

Vocational training courses

  • B.Voc.
  • D.Voc.
  • Skill Diploma programs
  • Domain Skilling programs

 

Note: Not all the professional courses available in India after 12th have been mentioned above. There exists other Degree, Diploma and Certificate courses too, other than the ones mentioned in the lists above.

 

Careers

Mathematics group students may become (depending upon the professional course)- Engineers, Scientists, Teachers, Management professionals, Lawyers, Government employees, Architects, Commercial Pilots, Air Hostesses/Cabin Crew, Pharmacists etc.

 

Biology group students may become (depending upon the professional course)- Doctors, Physiotherapists, Scientists, Teachers, Management professionals, Lawyers, Government employees, Architects, Pharmacists, Nurses, Air Hostesses/Cabin Crew, Fashion Designer, Occupational Therapists, Speech Therapists etc.

 

Note: Not all job profiles and careers have been mentioned above. Some of the well known job profiles have been mentioned, so that students may get a general idea about the careers present at the end of science stream education!

 

Before selecting science stream, do give a look at the careers available. Check whether you have the aptitude to pursue a career in this stream. This can be done through career counselling sessions and field trips. For an exhaustive list of relevant courses, check out this guide – detailed list of courses after 12th science. Read it and make an informed choice!

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